Explorative Study on Recidivism Factor of Gang Violence in Malaysia


  • Loganathan Krishan Inspector & Head of Logistic and Technology Department, Southwest District Police Headquarters, Royal Malaysia Police, Pulau Pinang, Malaysia
  • Saralah Devi Mariamdaran Chethiyar University Lecturer, Psychology & Counselling Program, School of Applied Psychology, Social Work and Policy, College of Arts and Sciences, Universiti Utara Malaysia, Sintok, Malaysia




Gang violence, crimes, factors, recidivism, prison


The number of crimes continues to rise high every year despite the imposition of punitive and harsh punishments.   Gang violence is one of the parts of the crime that occurs in Malaysia. Gang violence is described as a violent phenomenon involving a group of people whose primary purpose is to engage in aggressive and delinquent behavior. Criminals who are involved in gang violence are substantially more likely to re-offend after being released than offenders who are not members of gangs. The objective of this study is to discuss the recidivism factors of gang violence in Malaysia. The Library Research approach was used in this study, where information and related statistics were gathered from a variety of sources. The psychological factors and criminogenic factors are the main factors of gang members return to the prison. The factors which are discussed in this study can help people to know the reasons gang members who are involved in violence return to prison.



How to Cite

Loganathan Krishan, & Saralah Devi Mariamdaran Chethiyar. (2023). Explorative Study on Recidivism Factor of Gang Violence in Malaysia. International Journal of Linguistics and Culture, 4(2), 323-330. https://doi.org/10.52700/ijlc.v4i2.236