An EFL Classroom Oral Language and Group Work Observation: A Pilot Study


  • Ishfaque Ahmed Abbasi PhD Scholar, Center for Language Studies (CLS), Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia.
  • Elizabeth M Anthony Associate Professor, Center for Language Studies (CLS), Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia



EFL Classroom, Group Work, SOLOM, Group Observation Checklist, Oral Fluency


In Pakistani EFL context where speaking skill is hardly assessed, it becomes a challenging task for a researcher to find an appropriate and valid instrument to observe and analyse the speaking activities and the learning on the basis of these activities.  This study is to validate the adapted versions of instruments of Student Oral Language Observation Matrix (SOLOM) and the Group Participation Observation Checklist. From SOLOM only fluency measurement scale was adapted and used for this study. These instruments were piloted and the data was collected through video recording of a class and audio recordings of interviews of two participants. For validity check the data was shared with three inter-raters for Inter-Rater reliability.  The data was analysed using the Percentage agreement of raters and Cohen Kappa coefficient. The results validated the instruments and the instruments were found appropriate to be used in the main study with slight changes.